In 1988, the controversial traditionalist Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, founder of the Society of St. Pius X (1970), was excommunicated under John Paul II because of the unapproved ordination of four bishops, which Cardinal Ratzinger called a "schismatic act".  , Inspired by calls of "Santo Subito!" His message, "things must change in Haiti," referring to the disparity between the wealthy and the poor, was met with thunderous applause. Throughout the conflict, he appealed to the international community to stop the war, and after it was over led diplomatic initiatives to negotiate peace in the Middle East. He was in the Philippines and Marcos was out. ", On 4 June 2004 US President George W. Bush presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honour, to John Paul II during a ceremony at the Apostolic Palace.  He was the youngest of three children born to Karol Wojtyła (1879–1941), an ethnic Pole, and Emilia Kaczorowska (1884–1929), who was of distant Lithuanian heritage. Four kings, five queens, at least 70 presidents and prime ministers, and more than 14 leaders of other religions attended. E possono essere affiancate perfettamente alla commovente preghiera che Papa Francesco ha rivolto, in un’inedita piazza San Pietro deserta, affinché finisca presto il contagio in tutto il mondo. In 1994, John Paul II visited Catania and told victims of Mafia violence to "rise up and cloak yourself in light and justice! , It was beyond history, beyond memory. The Vatican Bank was Banco Ambrosiano's main shareholder, and the death of Pope John Paul I in 1978 is rumoured to be linked to the Ambrosiano scandal. È stato il Papa della comunicazione e del dialogo. ", In 1983 Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to humiliate John Paul II by falsely saying he had fathered an illegitimate child. " The Church instituted reforms to prevent future abuse by requiring background checks for Church employees and, because a significant majority of victims were boys, disallowing ordination of men with "deep-seated homosexual tendencies". At a papal mass in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States he said: A sign of hope is the increasing recognition that the dignity of human life must never be taken away, even in the case of someone who has done great evil. According to an article on the Catholic News Service (CNS) dated 23 April 2013, a Vatican commission of doctors concluded that a healing had no natural (medical) explanation, which is the first requirement for a claimed miracle to be officially documented.  As of May 2008[update], Sister Marie-Simon-Pierre, then 46, was working again at a maternity hospital run by her religious institute.  John Paul II's remains, which were not exposed, were placed in front of the Basilica's main altar, where believers could pay their respect before and after the beatification mass in St. Peter's Square on 1 May 2011. C’è chi si è tenuto al margine: ci si domanda se il mondo sia capace di vivere queste assenze senza giudizio, ma con la nostalgia per una condizione di sentimenti comuni di cui il pianeta non ha mai goduto, ma che momenti come quelli che abbiamo appena vissuto ci hanno fatto intravedere e desiderare. Quando però questo avviene si vive una forte esperienza privata, che qualcuno chiama di comunione, altri di solidarietà umana, altri ancora di omologazione. He began with an enormous advantage, and exploited it to the utmost: He headed the one institution that stood for the polar opposite of the Communist way of life that the Polish people hated. John Paul withdrew it, wagged his finger in Cardenal's face, and told him, "You must straighten out your position with the church. Di calare le emozioni in un flusso di spiegazioni causali e magari politiche.  It is the codification of the common portions of the Canon Law for the 23 of the 24 sui iuris churches in the Catholic Church that are the Eastern Catholic Churches. Ma l’aspetto più critico per me rimane il piano della conduzione interna della Chiesa e le posizioni nel campo morale dove papa Wojtyla ha mantenuto ferma una posizione rigida in difesa di aspetti assai discutibili, come l’ostilità per un’emancipazione delle donne nell’ambito ecclesiastico, la difesa dei riti e la condanna di vari comportamenti sociali. Tens of thousands of people assembled and held vigil in St. Peter's Square and the surrounding streets for two days.  Wojtyła was named Cardinal-Priest of the titulus of San Cesareo in Palatio. È stato un grande leader in un momento storico in cui mancavano, ma è altrettanto fuori di dubbio che “l’uomo” abbia fatto dimenticare la realtà a cui l’uomo apparteneva. Non so se posso bene spiegarmi nella vostra… la nostra lingua italiana.  Of the nearly 200 cardinals in the Catholic Church, only two are known to be members of Opus Dei. The Church can and must remind men—and in particular those who govern—of their ethical duties for the good of the whole of society. Tucci says that the pontiff was "furious".. , In 1984 John Paul II appointed Joaquín Navarro-Valls, a member of Opus Dei, as Director of the Vatican Press Office. Due sono anche le dimensioni del suo pontificato: la dimensione della pace, dell’incontro fra culture e religioni, le scuse per le colpe dei “figli della Chiesa” (e non della Chiesa); e d’altra parte è stato anche un Papa che ha riavvicinato la Chiesa cattolica ad una impostazione pre-conciliare. ", John Paul II was the first pontiff to denounce Mafia violence in Southern Italy.  In October 1942, while the war continued, he knocked on the door of the Bishop's Palace in Kraków and asked to study for the priesthood. The opposition praised John Paul II for denouncing Pinochet as a "dictator", for many members of Chile's opposition were persecuted for much milder statements. In his 2003 apostolic exhortation Ecclesia in Europa, John Paul II wrote that he "fully (respected) the secular nature of (European) institutions". It was the first-ever Vatican event dedicated to the memory of the six million Jews murdered in World War II. He became close to a girl called Ginka Beer, described as "a Jewish beauty, with stupendous eyes and jet black hair, slender, a superb actress.". One expert called such policies a "case of overkill" since they do not permit flexibility to allow for differences among individual cases. ", Numerous other theories were advanced to explain the assassination attempt, some of them controversial. L’apertura a tutto il mondo, lo spostare l’attenzione dall’Italia e dall’Europa per indirizzarla al resto del pianeta è sicuramente un’ottica positiva, in cui riconosco una tendenza vicina al progetto di civiltà planetaria balducciana. He gave a speech including the statement: "For all the times that Muslims and Christians have offended one another, we need to seek forgiveness from the Almighty and to offer each other forgiveness.
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