As a part of their religion, the Maya practised human sacrifice. , In common with the rest of Mesoamerica, the Maya believed in a supernatural realm inhabited by an array of powerful deities who needed to be placated with ceremonial offerings and ritual practices. 13 and 20, after all, are the key numbers of the tzolkʼin, so it is fitting that they should be incorporated into the Long Count at enormous temporal scales.  The four Pawatuns supported the corners of the mortal realm; in the heavens, the Bacabs performed the same function.  Illustrations in the codices show that priests made astronomical observations using the naked eye, assisted by crossed sticks as a sighting device.  Most warriors were not full-time, however, and were primarily farmers; the needs of their crops usually came before warfare.  Even the Spanish Conquest did not immediately terminate all Maya trading activity; for example, the Contact period Manche Chʼol traded the prestige crops of cacao, annatto and vanilla into colonial Verapaz.  Activity shifted to the northern lowlands and the Maya Highlands; this may have involved migration from the southern lowlands, because many Postclassic Maya groups had migration myths.  Important sites in Belize include Altun Ha, Caracol, and Xunantunich. Demarest 2004, pp. 68, 74.  During the Early Classic period, the Maya cities of Tikal and Kaminaljuyu were key Maya foci in a network that extended beyond the Maya area into the highlands of central Mexico. Mesoamerican trade routes shifted and bypassed Petén. Some cities also possessed extensive hydraulic systems or defensive walls. Classic period rule was centred on the concept of the "divine king", who acted as a mediator between mortals and the supernatural realm. Foster 2002, p. 274.  The Maya were major producers of cotton, which was used to make the textiles to be traded throughout Mesoamerica. Correspondingly, they placed high value on apple-green jade, and other greenstones, associating them with the sun-god Kʼinich Ajau.  A 2007 study analysed soils from a modern Guatemalan market and compared the results with those obtained from analysis at a proposed ancient market at Chunchucmil.  Palenque and Yaxchilan were the most powerful cities in the Usumacinta region.  At Yaxchilan, Dos Pilas, Copán, and other sites, stone stairways were decorated with sculpture. Schieber Laverreda and Orrego Corzo 2010, p. 2.  They were technically very challenging to produce, requiring considerable skill on the part of the artisan. It featured fully adorned façades on both the upper and lower sections of structures. 8 Ajaw), this would interlock with the haab, producing an additional number and name, to give any day a more complete designation, for example 8 Ajaw 13 Keh. , The exemplar of Puuc-style architecture is Uxmal.  Scribal activity is identifiable in the archaeological record; Jasaw Chan Kʼawiil I, king of Tikal, was interred with his paint pot. Other media include the aforementioned codices, stucco façades, frescoes, wooden lintels, cave walls, and portable artefacts crafted from a variety of materials, including bone, shell, obsidian, and jade. Archaeology conducted at Maya sites often reveals other fragments, rectangular lumps of plaster and paint chips which were codices; these tantalizing remains are, however, too severely damaged for any inscriptions to have survived, most of the organic material having decayed. Most surviving pre-Columbian Maya writing dates to the Classic period and is contained in stone inscriptions from Maya sites, such as stelae, or on ceramics vessels.
Sannicola Notizie Sul Quotidiano Di Lecce Notizie Ed Eventi Oggi, Nomi Per Topi, Veronica Significato Nome, La Quiete Ristorante, Nomi Inglesi Femminili Più Belli, Braulio Riserva Differenza, Costa Concordia Giglio, Documenti Egiziano Sulla Schiavitù Degli Ebrei In Egitto, Umberto Liceo Napoli,