As a result of this joint effort, Cyrillic and Latin alphabets for Serbo-Croatian have a complete one-to-one congruence, with the Latin digraphs Lj, Nj, and Dž counting as single letters. Iotation was indicated by ligatures formed with the letter І: Ꙗ (not an ancestor of modern Ya, Я, which is derived from Ѧ), Ѥ, Ю (ligature of І and ОУ), Ѩ, Ѭ. The transition is complete in most of Moldova (except the breakaway region of Transnistria, where Moldovan Cyrillic is official), Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan. La scrittura civile ha eliminato alcune lettere arcaiche ( Ѯ , Ѱ , Ѡ , Ѧ ), ma ha rafforzato una base etimologica per l'alfabeto, influenzando la scrittura galiziana Maksymovychivka del XIX secolo di Mykhaylo Maksymovych per l'ucraino, e il suo discendente, il Pankevychivka , che è ancora in uso, in una forma leggermente modificata, per la lingua Rusyn nella Rutenia dei Carpazi . Il segno morbido ü non ha significato se scritto da solo, ma quando viene scritto dopo una consonante, indica che la consonante è morbida ( palatalizzata ). Today, many languages in the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and northern Eurasia are written in Cyrillic alphabets. This page features the Cyrillic alphabet. Cubberley, Paul (1996) "The Slavic Alphabets". Its adaptation to local languages produced a number of Cyrillic alphabets, discussed below. The non-Latin letters, including Cyrillic, were removed from the alphabet in 1982 and replaced with Latin letters that closely resembled the letters they replaced. La scrittura cirillica era un sistema di scrittura sviluppato nel primo impero bulgaro nel X secolo, per scrivere l' antica lingua liturgica slava ecclesiastica . 262-264. The Cyrillic script was created in the First Bulgarian Empire. Ukrayins'ka abetka ), dalle lettere iniziali Á ( tr.  Later Cyrillic spread among other Slavic peoples, as well as among non-Slavic Vlachs. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (in cirillico Иван Константинович Айвазовский) (Feodosiya, 29 luglio 1817 – 5 maggio 1900) è stato un pittore russo di origine armena, … Ivan è un nome proprio di persona italiano maschile. Anche se normalmente non è necessario indicare il sistema di scrittura, ciò può essere ottenuto aggiungendo un sottotag di script, ad esempio per distinguere il testo ucraino cirillico ( uk-Cyrl) dall'ucraino romanizzato ( uk-Latn). Few fonts include glyphs sufficient to reproduce the alphabet. Bringhurst (2002) writes "in Cyrillic, the difference between normal lower case and small caps is more subtle than it is in the Latin or Greek alphabets. Sometimes different letters were used interchangeably, for example И = І = Ї, as were typographical variants like О = Ѻ. Nella tabella seguente, le lettere ucraine hanno titoli che indicano le informazioni Unicode e l'entità HTML. In Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian and Slovak, the Cyrillic alphabet is also known as azbuka, derived from the old names of the first two letters of most Cyrillic alphabets (just as the term alphabet came from the first two Greek letters alpha and beta). In the early 18th century, the Cyrillic script used in Russia was heavily reformed by Peter the Great, who had recently returned from his Grand Embassy in Western Europe. in Daniels, Peter T., and William Bright, eds. Many of the letterforms differed from those of modern Cyrillic, varied a great deal in manuscripts, and changed over time. However, over the course of the following millennium, Cyrillic adapted to changes in spoken language, developed regional variations to suit the features of national languages, and was subjected to academic reform and political decrees. The Russian government has mandated that Cyrillic must be used for all public communications in all federal subjects of Russia, to promote closer ties across the federation. For centuries Cyrillic was used by Catholic and Muslim Slavs too (see Bosnian Cyrillic). There he met Jernej Kopitar, a linguist with interest in slavistics. As of Unicode version 13.0, Cyrillic letters, including national and historical alphabets, are encoded across several blocks: The characters in the range U+0400 to U+045F are essentially the characters from ISO 8859-5 moved upward by 864 positions. Representing other writing systems with Cyrillic letters is called Cyrillization.  The Serbian language in Croatia is officially recognized as a minority language, however, the use of Cyrillic in bilingual signs has sparked protests and vandalism. Revisions to the existing Cyrillic blocks, and the addition of Cyrillic Extended A (2DE0 ... 2DFF) and Cyrillic Extended B (A640 ... A69F), significantly improve support for the early Cyrillic alphabet, Abkhaz, Aleut, Chuvash, Kurdish, and Moksha.. In his 1815 song book he dropped the Ѣ. Shavian. The literary Slavic language was based on the Bulgarian dialect of Thessaloniki.. Ha anche rivisto l'ordine alfabetico, spostando il segno morbido ü dalla fine dell'alfabeto, in una posizione prima della lettera ю , che aiuta a ordinare il testo ucraino insieme al bielorusso (su proposta di LM Ivanenko del Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics). Cyrillic is nominally the official script of Serbia's administration according to the Serbian constitution; however, the law does not regulate scripts in standard language, or standard language itself by any means. When necessary, it is transliterated as either ШЧ or ШТ. Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial script, augmented by letters from the older Glagolitic alphabet, including some ligatures. Cyrillic is nominally the official script of Serbia's administration according to the Serbian constitution; however, the law does not regulate scripts in standard language, or standard language itself by any means. Unicode as a general rule does not include accented Cyrillic letters. Late Medieval Cyrillic letters (still found on many icon inscriptions today) show a marked tendency to be very tall and narrow, with strokes often shared between adjacent letters.